Jesus said, “Father, forgive them, for they do not know what they are doing.” (Luke 23:34)
It appears that the specific group of people Jesus referred to did not know what they are doing.
I want to present another view of the same subjects. Let’s take doctors, for example.
“[…] doctors are healthier than the general public. They smoke less, drink less alcohol, and have lower rates of obesity-related chronic illnesses […]
On the other hand, doctors do frequently suffer from high blood pressure and cholesterol, and they have higher rates of burnout, depression, and suicide than the rest of the population.”
It looks that, in order to live healthier, it helps to know more about health, in general (or be smarter, which doctors are, I would assume).
If you do a bad deed, an evil thing, an annoying action, you might be doing it because you don’t know any better. There are so many levels with knowledge and intelligence that it can be quite easy to make a silly mistake and do a bad thing just because you didn’t know any better.
A doctor is likely: a. Smarter; b. More knowledgeable than the average person on health matters. For these two reasons, a doctor is likely healthier.
But can’t this logic be applied to other fields, also? So, if you’re a poor driver, or an inattentive driver, or a drunk driver, can’t all of these reasons be brought back to either: a. You didn’t know any better (not enough knowledge). b. You’ve taken a poor action, due to a faulty argument inside your mind (not enough intelligence)?
Also, emotions are involved, both the process of memory and intelligence require it. But how many of the emotions a person has have been brought to their current state due to the environment? Does a person raised in a family for which wrongdoings are OK have the same options and views as a person who has been brought up by ethical parents?
Doing a bad deed has no excuse. No matter what you did, you’re responsible for it.
But, also, Jesus’ argument, that “they do not know what they are doing” applies to pretty much any mistake. The worst action you can imagine has a fault in logic.
On forgiveness, it’s OK, in my opinion, if you forgive someone who did something wrong to you. You have this right, to do so. But if someone hurts someone else, you shouldn’t forgive. You don’t have this right.